Publications on Ireland’s Geomorphology

We are at the initial stages of building comprehensive lists of scientific publications for the Irish landscape. The following themes have been provisionally identified:

Aeolian – Alluvial Fans – Bogs – Climate – Coasts  – Geology – Glacial – Karst – Lakes – Landscape Evolution – Soils – Mass wasting – Rivers – Rock Breakdown – Quaternary – Soils

For this site to be successful and useful we require your assistance to ensure that the lists are up to date and contain the seminal papers in Irish Geomorphology. We will shortly release the guidelines for the publications that are suitable for this database. Please do not hesitate to send in your lists in a format that is easy to upload to the site. Everyone will appreciate your contributions.

AEOLIAN

Barrett-Mold, C., Burningham, H., 2010. Contrasting ecology of prograding coastal dunes on the northwest coast of Ireland. Journal of Coastal Conservation, 14, 81-90.

Carter, R. W. G. and G. W. Stone (1989). “Mechanisms associated with the erosion of sand dune cliffs, Magilligan, Northern Ireland.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 14(1): 1-10.

Gares PA, Davidson-Arnott RGD, Bauer BO, Sherman DJ, Carter RWG, Jackson DWT, Nordstrom KF. 1996. Alongshore variations in aeolian transport: Carrick Finn Strand, Republic of Ireland. Journal of Coastal Research 12: 673–682

Jackson, D.W.T., Cooper, J.A.G., 2011. Coastal dune fields in Ireland: rapid regional response to climatic change. Journal of Coastal Research(SI 64), 293-297.

Jackson, D. W. T., J. H. M. Beyers, K. Lynch, J. A. G. Cooper, A. C. W. Baas and I. Delgado-Fernandez (2011). “Investigation of three-dimensional wind flow behaviour over coastal dune morphology under offshore winds using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and ultrasonic anemometry.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 36(8): 1113-1124.

Lynch, K., D. W. T. Jackson and J. A. G. Cooper (2008). “Aeolian fetch distance and secondary airflow effects: the influence of micro-scale variables on meso-scale foredune development.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 33(7): 991-1005.

Lynch, K., D. W. T. Jackson and J. A. G. Cooper (2010). “Coastal foredune topography as a control on secondary airflow regimes under offshore winds.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 35(3): 344-353.

Moles, N., R. Moles and G. O’Donovan (1995). “Evidence for the Presence of Quaternary Loess-Derived Soils in the Burren Karstic Area, Western Ireland.” Irish Geography 28(1): 48-63.

Nordstrom KF, Bauer BO, Davidson-Arnott RGD, Gares PA, Carter RWG, Jackson DWT, Sherman DJ. 1996. Offshore aeolian transport across a beach: Carrick Finn Strand, Ireland. Journal of Coastal Research 12: 664–672.

Sherman, D. J., B. Li, J. T. Ellis, E. J. Farrell, L. P. Maia and H. Granja (2013). “Recalibrating aeolian sand transport models.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 38(2): 169-178.

Wilson, P. 1989. ‘Nature, origin and age of Holocene aeolian sand on Muckish Mountain, Co. Donegal, Ireland‘, Boreas, 18, 159-168.

ALLUVIAL FANS

Anderson, E., S. Harrison, D. G. Passmore and T. M. Mighall (2000). Holocene alluvial-fan development in the Macgillycuddy’s Reeks, southwest Ireland. Geological Society of America Bulletin 112(12): 1834-1849.

BOGS

Dykes AP, Kirk KJ. 2000. Blanket bog failures. In The Geomorphology of the Cuilcagh Mountain, Ireland. A Field Guide for the British Geomorphological Research Group Spring Field Meeting, May 2000, Gunn J (ed.). 26–35.

Wilson P, Griffiths D, Carter C. (1996). Characteristics, impacts and causes of the Carntogher bog-flow, Sperrin Mountains, Northern Ireland. Scottish Geographical Magazine 112(1): 39–46.

CLIMATE

Rohan, P. K. 1986. The Climate of Ireland, Meteorological Service, Dublin.

Sweeney, J. (1997). Global warming scenarios for Ireland and their implications for environmental management. Global Change and the Irish Environment. J. Sweeney. Dublin, Royal Irish Academy: 155-170.

COASTS

Backstrom JT, Jackson DWT, Cooper JAG. 2007. Shoreface dynamics of two high‐energy beaches in Northern Ireland. Journal of Coastal Research 50(Proceedings of the 9th International Coastal Symposium): 594–598.

Carter, R. W. G. (1980). “Longshore variations in nearshore wave processes at magilligan point, northern ireland.” Earth Surface Processes 5(1): 81-89.

Carter, R. W. G. and J. D. Orford (1981). “Overwash processes along a gravel beach in south-east Ireland.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 6(5): 413-426.

Carter, R. W. G. and J. H. Balsillie (1983). “A note on the amount of wave energy transmitted over nearshore sand bars.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 8(3): 213-222.

Carter, R. W. G. and D. J. Bartlett (1990). “Coastal Erosion in Northeast Ireland—Part I: Sand beaches, dunes and river mouths.” Irish Geography 23(1): 1-16.

Carter, R. W. G., Forbes, D. L., Jennings, S. C., Orford, J. D., Shaw, J. and Taylor, R. B. 1989. ‘Barrier and lagoon coast evolution under differing relative sea-level regimes: examples for Ireland and Nova Scotia’, Marine Geology, 88, 221 -242.

Cooper JAG, Jackson DWT. 2003. Geomorphological and dynamic constraints on mesoscale coastal response to storms, Western

Ireland. In Coastal Sediments ’03. Proceedings, 6th International Symposium on Coastal Engineering and Science of Coastal Sediment Processes, Davis RA, Howd PA, Kraus NC (eds). American Society of Civil Engineers: Reston, VA; 1–13.

Gallagher, C. and M. Thorp (1997). “The age of the Pleistocene raised beach near Fethard, County Wexford, using infra red stimulated luminescence (IRSL).” Irish Geography 30(2): 68-89.

Gares PA, Davidson-Arnott RGD, Bauer BO, Sherman DJ, Carter RWG, Jackson DWT, Nordstrom KF. 1996. Alongshore variations in Aeolian sediment transport: Carrick Finn Strand, Ireland. Journal of Coastal Research 12: 673–682.

Hanna JE, Cooper JAG. 2002. Mesoscale morphological changes on linear, nearshore sandbanks, Co. Wexford, SE Ireland. Journal ofCoastal Research 36: 356–364.

Knight, J. and D. M. Williams (2011). “Discussion of megaclast transport and erosion of rocky shorelines: A comment on Williams (2010).” Irish Journal of Earth Science 29: 23-26.

Marshall McCabe, A. and J. R. Haynes (1996). “A late Pleistocene intertidal boulder pavement from an isostatically emergent coast, Dundalk bay, eastern Ireland.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 21(6): 555-572.

McKenna, J., R. W. G. Carter and D. Bartlett (1992). “Coast Erosion in Northeast Ireland:-Part II Cliffs and Shore Platforms.” Irish Geography 25(2): 111-128.

McKenna, J., Carter, R. W. G., Orford, J. D. and Jennings, S. C. 1993. ‘The impact of recent sea-level and climatic changes on the west coast of Britain and southeast Ireland’, Climate change, sea-level rise and associated impacts in Europe, Commission of the European Communities, Final Report, EPOC-CT90-0015, Vo1.4, 12.

Mulrennan ME. 1992. Ridge and runnel beach morphodynamics: an example from the central east coast of Ireland. Journal of Coastal Research 8: 906–918

Navas F, Cooper JAG, Malvarez GC, Jackson DWT. 2001. Theoretical approach to the investigation of ridge and runnel topography of a macrotidal beach: Dundrum Bay, Northern Ireland. Journal of Coastal Research SI34: 183–193.

Orford, J. D., R. W. G. Carter, D. L. Forbes and R. B. Taylor (1988). “Overwash occurrence consequent on morphodynamic changes following lagoon outlet closure on a coarse clastic barrier.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 13(1): 27-35.

Orford JD. 1985. Murlough Spit, Dundrum Bay. In Field Guide to Northern Ireland, Whalley B, Smith BJ, Orford JD, Carter RW (eds). Queens University: Belfast; 68–76.

Orford JD. 1988. Alternative interpretations of man‐induced shoreline behavior in Rosslare Bay, southeast Ireland. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 13: 65–78.

Orford, J. D. and Carter, R. W. G. 1982. ‘The structure and origins of recent sandy gravel overtopping and overwashing features at Carnsore Point, southeast Ireland’, Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 52, 265-278.

Williams, D. M. (2010). “Mechanism of wave transport of megaclasts on elevated cliff-top platforms: examples from western ireland relevant to the storm-wave versus tsunami controversy.” Irish Journal of Earth Science 28: 25-45.

GEOLOGY

Mange, M. A., P. Turner, D. Ince, D. T. Wright, A. M. Maria and T. W. David (2007). Chapter 42 High-Resolution Heavy Mineral- and Magnetostratigraphy; a Powerful Tool for Subdivision and Correlation of Barren Successions: An Example from the Sherwood Sandstone Group (Triassic) of the East Irish Sea Basin and Surrounding Areas. Developments in Sedimentology, Elsevier. Volume 58: 1073-1097.

Meehan, R. and M. Parkes (1998). “A small cave within Quaternary deposits at Parkgate street, Dublin 8.” Irish Speleogy 16: 9-10.

Meehan, R. T. (1999). “Directions of ice flow during the last glaciation in counties Meath, Westmeath and Cavan.” Irish Geography 32(1): 26-51.

Wyse Jackson, P.N., Parkes, M. and Simms, M. 2010. Geology of Ireland: county by county. Geoschol Books, Trinity College Dublin. 144 pp. (PDFs for individual county descriptions can be downloaded from http://www.geoschol.com/ireland.html).

GLACIAL

Anderson E, Harrison S, Passmore DG, Mighall TM. 1998. Evidence of Younger Dryas glaciation in the Macgillycuddy’s Reeks, southwest Ireland. Quaternary Proceedings 6: 75–90.

Ballantyne, C. K. 1987. ‘The present-day periglaciation of upland Britain’, in Boardman, J. (Ed.), Periglacial Processes and Landforms inbritain and Ireland, Cambridge University press, Cambridge, 113-126.

Bowen, D. Q., Rose, J., McCabe, A. M., and Sutherland, D. G. 1987. Correlation of Quaternary Glaciations in England, Ireland, Scotland and wales, QSR, 5, 299-340.

Colhoun, E. A. (1970). “On the nature of the glaciations and final deglaciation of the Sperrin mountains and adjacent areas in the north of Ireland.” Irish Geography 6(2): 162-185.

Dardis, G. F. (1985). “Genesis of late pleistocene cross-valley moraine ridges, South—Central Ulster, Northern Ireland.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 10(5): 483-495.

Dardis, G. F., A. M. McCabe and W. I. Mitchell (1984). “Characteristics and origins of lee-side stratification sequences in late pleistocene drumlins, northern Ireland.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 9(5): 409-424.

Dardis, G. F. and McCabe, A. M. 1983. Facies of subglacial channel sedimentation of Late Pleistocene drumlins, Northern Ireland, Boreas, 12, 263-278.

Ehlers, J., Gibbard, P. L. and Rose, J. (Eds), Glacial Deposits of Great Britain and Ireland, Balkema, Rotterdam, 255-278

Evans DJA, O’Cofaigh C. 2003. Depositional evidence for marginal oscillations of the Irish Sea ice stream in southeast Ireland during the last glaciation. Boreas 32: 76–101.

Hiemstra, J. F., B. Kulessa, E. C. King and D. Ntarlagiannis (2011). “The use of integrated sedimentological and geophysical methods in drumlin research – a case study of Pigeon Point, Clew Bay, Northwest Ireland.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 36(14): 1860-1871.

Hill, A. R. 1971. The internal composition and structure of drumlins in North Down and South Antrim, Northern Ireland’, Geo-Glacial Deposits in Great Britain and Ireland, Ehlers J, Gibbard P, Rose J (eds). Balkema: Rotterdam

Hiller, J. K. and M. Smith (2008). “Residual relief separation: digital elevation model enhancement for geomorphological mapping.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 33(14): 2266-2276.

Knight, J. (2003). “Geomorphic and sedimentary evidence for patterns of late Midlandian ice retreat in the Tempo Valley, north-central Ireland.” Irish Geography 36(2): 127-144.

McCabe, A. M. (1993). “The 1992 Farrington Lecture: Drumlin Bedforms and Related Ice-Marginal Depositional Systems in Ireland.” Irish Geography 26(1): 22-44.

Meean, R. T. (1999). “Directions of ice flow during the last glaciation in counties Meath, Westmeath and Cavan.” Irish Geography 32(1): 26-51.

O’Cofaigh C, Evans DJA. 2001. Deforming bed conditions associated with a major ice stream of the last British ice sheet. Geology 29: 795–798.

O’Cofaigh C, Evans DJA. 2007. Radiocarbon constraints on the age of the maximum advance of the British-Irish ice sheet in the Celtic Sea. Quaternary Science Reviews 26: 1197–1203.

Rae AC, Harrison S, Mighall T, Dawson AG. 2004. Periglacial trimlines and nunataks of the Last Glacial Maximum: the Gap of Dunloe, southwest Ireland. Journal of Quaternary Science 19: 87–97. DOI: 10.1002/jqs.807

Richards, A., P. Phipps and N. Lucas (2000). “Possible evidence for underlying non-linear dynamics in steep-faced glaciodeltaic progradational ­successions.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 25(11): 1181-1200.

Smith, M. J. and C. D. Clark (2005). “Methods for the visualization of digital elevation models for landform mapping.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 30(7): 885-900.

Spagnolo, M., C. D. Clark, A. L. C. Hughes and P. Dunlop (2011). “The topography of drumlins; assessing their long profile shape.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 36(6): 790-804.

Stephens, N., J. R. Creighton and M. A. Hannon (1975). “The Late Pleistocene period in North-eastern Ireland: An assessment 1975.” Irish Geography 8(1): 1-23.

KARST

Drew, D. P. 1983. ‘Accelerated soil erosion in a karst area: the Burren, western Ireland’, Journal of Hydrology, 61113-126.

Williams, P. W. (1968). ‘An evaluation of the rate and distribution of limestone solution and deposition in the River Fergus basin, western Ireland’, in Williams, P. W., and Jennings, J. N., Contributions to the Study of Karst. Australian National University, Department of Geography Publication G5, pp. 1-40.

Williams, P. W. (1970). ‘Limestone morphology in Ireland’, in Stephens, N., and Glasscock, R. (Eds), Irish Geographical Studies, Belfast, Queens University, pp. 105-124.

Sweeting, M. M. 1955. ‘The landforms of N.W. County Clare, Ireland‘, Transactions, Institute of British Geographers, 21, 3349.

Williams, P. W. 1966. ‘Limestone pavements with special reference to West Ireland’, Transactions, Institute of British Geographer, 40, 155-172.

Simms, M.J. 2006. Exploring the limestone landscapes of the Burren and the Gort lowlands.
Second Revised Edition. Published by the author, 64 pp.

Simms, M.J. and Monaghan, N.C. 2000. The origin and occupation history of Poll na mBéar, Glenade, Co. Leitrim. Irish Speleology, 17, 50-53.

Simms, M.J. and Boulter, M.C. 2000. Oligocene cave sediments in Co. Cork: implications for reconstructing the Tertiary landscape of southwest Ireland.
Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 111, 363-372.

Simms, M.J. 2000. Landscape evolution around the River Blackwater catchment, Co Cork.
Irish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18, 145.

Simms, M.J. 1999. Boulders in sockets: more weird karst from Lough Mask . Irish Journal of Earth Sciences, 17, 137.

Simms, M.J. 1999b. Karst and coastal features of the late Devensian and Holocene in Larrybane Bay, Co. Antrim. Pp. 37-38 in Knight, J. (ed.), Lower Bann and adjacent areas, Irish Association for Quaternary Studies, Field Guide no. 23.

Simms, M.J. 1990. Phytokarst and photokarren in Ireland. Cave Science, 17, 131-133.

Simms, M J. 2003. The origin of enigmatic, tubular, lake-shore karren: A mechanism for the rapid dissolution of limestone in carbonate-saturated waters. Physical Geography, Vol.23, 1–20.

Simms, M J. 2005. The Great Western Lakes. 71–78 in Coxon, P (Ed.), The Quaternary of central western Ireland: Field Guide, London, Quaternary Research Association, 2005, 1 – 220pp.

Tratman, E. K. 1969. The Caves of Northwest Clare, Ireland, David and Charles, Newton Abbot, U.K., 256 pp.

LAKES

Dearing, J. A. and Flower, R. J. 1982. ‘The magnetic susceptibility of sedimenting material trapped in Lough Neagh, Northern Ireland, and its erosional significance, limnol. Oceanogr, 27, 969-975.

.Snowball, I. and Thompson, R. 1990. ‘A mineral magnetic study of Holocene sedimentation in Lough Catherine, Northern Ireland’, Boreas, 19, 127-146.

LANDSCAPE EVOLUTION

Coxon, P. and S. G. McCarron (2009). Cenozoic: Tertiary and Quaternary (until 11,700 years before 2000). The Geology of Ireland. C. H. Holland and I. S. Sanders. Edinburgh, Dunedin Academic Press: 355 – 396.

Simms, M. J. (2004). “Tortoises and hares: dissolution, erosion and isostasy in landscape evolution.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 29(4): 477-494.

MASS WASTING

AlexanderR., Coxon, P. and Thorn, R.H. 1985. Bog flows in south-east Sligo and south-west Leitrim. In Thorn, R.H. (ed.), Sligo and West Leitrim, 58-76 Field Guide No. 8, Irish Association for Quaternary Studies (IQUA)

Alexander, R. W., P. Coxon, and Thorn, R.H. (1986). “A Bog Flow at Straduff townland, County Sligo.” Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 86(B): 107-119.

Anderson, E. and S. Harrison (2006). “Late quaternary paraglacial sedimentation in the Macgillycuddy’s reeks, southwest Ireland.” Irish Geography 39(1): 69-77.

Anon. (n.d.: probably about 1902). Bog-slips in Ireland. In Antiquities of the Queens County and County Kildare, 53-54

Bishopp, D.W. and Mitchell, G.F. 1946. On a recent bog-flow in Meenacharvy Townland, Co. Donegal. Scient. Proc. Roy. Dub. Soc. 24, 151-156

Bourke, Mary. 1990. The geomorphic effects of the August 1986 storm on a glaciated upland catchment in the Wicklow Mountains. Unpublished MA Thesis. National University of Ireland

Bourke, M. C. and M. Thorp (2005). “Rainfall-triggered slope failures in eastern Ireland.” Irish Geography 38(1): 1-22.

Bowler, M. and Bradshaw, R. 1985. Recent accumulation and erosion of blanket peat in the Wicklow Mountains. New Phytol., 101, 543-550

Bradshaw, R. and McGee, E. 1988. The extent and time-course of blanket peat erosion in Ireland. New Phytol., 108, 219-224

Cole, G.A.J., 1897. The bog-slide of Knocknageesha, in the County of Kerry. Nature, 55, (1420) 254-256

Colhoun, E.A., 1966. The debris flow at Glendalough, Co. Wicklow and the bog-flow at Slieve Rushen, Co. Cavan, January 1966. Ir. Nat. Jour., 15, 199-206

Caseldine, C., G. Thompson, C. Langdon and D. Hendon (2005). “Evidence for an extreme climatic event on Achill Island, Co. Mayo, Ireland around 5200–5100 cal. yr BP.” Journal of Quaternary Science 20(2): 169-178.

Colhoun, E. A., Common, R. and Cruickshank, M.M. (1965). “Recent bog flows and debris slides in the north of Ireland.” Proeedings of the Royal Dublin Society A2: 163-174.

Collins, J.F. and Cummins, T. 1996. Agroclimatic Atlas of Ireland. Dublin, AGMET.

Coveney, S. and O’Donovan G. 2001. The potential of LANDSAT Thematic Mapper satellite imagery as a tool for assessing degradation of blanket bog and wet heath. Tearmann: Irish Journal of Agri-environmental research, 1, (1): 65-77

Cruickshank, M.M. and Tomlinson, R.W. 1990. Peatland in Northern Ireland: inventory and prospect. Irish. Geog. 23, 1, 17-30

Dauncey, P.C., O’Riordan, N.J. and Higgins, J. 1987. Controlled failure and back analysis of a trial embankment at Athlone. Proc. Eur. Conf. Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Dublin, 21-24

Delap, A.D., Farrington, A., Preager, R.L. and Smyth, L.B. 1932. Report on the Recent Bog Flow at Glencullin, Co. Mayo. Scient. Proc. Roy. Dub. Soc. 20, (17), 181-192

Delap, A.D. and Mitchell, G.F. 1939. On a recent bog-flow in Powerscourt Mountain Townland, Co. Wicklow Scient. Proc. Roy. Dub. Soc. 22, 195-198

Douglas, G. R. (1980). “Magnitude frequency study of rockfall in Co. Antrim, N. Ireland.” Earth Surface Processes 5(2): 123-129.

Duchas 1998. A Manual for the production of grazing impact assessments in upland and peatland habitats. Duchas and the Dept. of Agriculture, Food and Forestry

Dykes, A.P. and Kirk, K.J. 2000. Morphology and interpretation for a recent multiple peat slide event on Cuilcagh Mountain, Northern Ireland. In Bromhead, E., Dixon, R. and Ibsen, M-L (Eds.) Landslides in Research, Theory and Practice (Volume 1). Thomas Telford, London, 495-500

Dykes, A. P. and K. J. Kirk (2001). “Initiation of a multiple peat slide on Cuilcagh Mountain, Northern Ireland.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 26(4): 395-408.

Dykes, A. P. and J. Warburton (2007). “Significance of geomorphological and subsurface drainage controls on failures of peat-covered hillslopes triggered by extreme rainfall.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 32(12): 1841-1862.

Dykes, A.P., Gunn, J., Convery, K.J., 2008. Landslides in blanket peat on Cuilcagh Mountain, northwest Ireland. Geomorphology, 102(3–4), 325-340.

Feehan, J. and O’Donovan, G. 1996. The Bogs of Ireland University College Dublin, Dublin, pp 518.

Forster A. 1998. The assessment of slope stability for land use planning. A case study on the North East Antrim Coast. British Geological Survey, Technical Report WN/98/8.

Gavin, K. and Jennings,P (in Prep) Stability of man-made glacial till slopes in southwest Ireland.

Griffith, R. 1821. Report relative to the Moving Bog of Kilmaleady, in the King’s County, made by order of the Royal Dublin Society. Jour. R. Dubl. Soc., 1 (1856 1857), 141-144 An Foras Taluntais, Dublin.

Hanrahan, E.T. 1954. An investigation of some physical properties of peat. Geotechnique, 4, 108-123.

Hanrahan, E.T. 1977. Irish Glacial Till: Origin and Characteristics. An Foras Forbartha, RC 164. Dublin, pp 81.

Harty, V.D. 1953. Slide in Fort Henry Embankment River Shannon, Ireland. Proc. 3rd Int. Conf. Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Vol. II, 8, 255-258

Hendrick, E. 1990. A bog flow at Bellacorrick Forest, Co. Mayo.Irish Forestry, 47, 32-44

Hutchinson, J.N., Prior, D.B. and Stephens, N. 1974. Potentially dangerous surges in an Antrim mudslide. Quart. Jour. Eng. Geol., Vol.7, 363-376.

 Jennings, P. and Muldoon, P. 2003. Performance of 150 Year-Old Railway Slopes in Glacial Till. Eur. Conf. Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Prague, 631-636.

Kinahan, G.H., 1897. Peat Bogs and Debacles. Trans. Inst. of Civil Eng. of Ireland, 26, 98-123.

Large, A.R.G. 1991. The Slievenakilla bog-burst: investigations into peat loss and recovery on an upland blanket bog. Ir. Nat. Jour., 23, 354-359.

Latimer, J. 1897. Some notes on the recent bog slips in the Co. of Kerry. Trans. Inst. of Eng. of Irel., 26, 94-97.

Logue, J.J. 1975. Extreme rainfalls in Ireland. Dublin: Meteorological Service, Technical Note No. 40.

Long, M. and Jennings, P. 2006. Analysis of the peat slide at Pollatomish, Co. Mayo, Ireland. Journal “Landslides”, April, 2006. Springer Press

Long, M., Menkiti, C.O., Kovacevic, N., Milligan, G.W.E., Coulet, D. and Potts, D. M. 2003. An observational approach to the design of steep sided excavations in Dublin glacial till. Proc. Of he Underground Construction Conference. Brintex, London, 443-454.

Long, M. and Murphy, B. 2003. Difficulties with ground anchorages in hard rock in Dublin, Ireland. Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, 21, 87-111.

Long, M.M. and O’Riordan, N.J. 2000. A Slide in Irish glacial lake clay. Proc. 8th Int. Symposium on Landslides, Landslides in Research, Theory and Practice. Cardiff, Wales, June 26-30, Vol. 2, 943-948.

Lydon, I.M. and Long, M.M. 2001. Analysis of slope stability of an earth dam due to rapid drawdown effects. Proc. XVth Int. Conf. Soil Mechanics and Geotech. Eng., Istanbul, Turkey, August 2001, Vol. 3, 2139-2142.McGreal, W. S. and R. A. Lamour (1979). “Blanket peat erosion: theoretical considerations and observations from selected conservation sites in Slieveanorra Forest National Nature Reserve, Country Antrim.” Irish Geography 12(57-67).

McGreal, W. S. and D. Craig (1977). “Mass-movement activity: an illustration of differing responses to groundwater conditions from two sites in Northern Ireland. ” Irish Geography 10(1): 28-35.

McKenna, J., Carter, R.W.G. and Bartlett, D. 1992. Coast erosion in north-east Ireland:- Part II cliffs and shore platforms. Ir. Geog., 25, 111-128.

Menkiti, C.O., Long, M., Kovacevic, N., Edmonds, H.E., Milligan, G.W.E. and Potts, D.M. 2004. Trial excavation for cut and cover tunnel construction on glacial till – a case study from Dublin. Proc. Of the Skempton Memorial Conference, Advances in Geotechnical Engineering, Imperial College, Thomas Telford, London, 1090-1104.

Mitchell, G.F. 1935. On a Recent Bog-Flow in County Clare. Scient. Proc. Roy. Dub. Soc. 21, 247-252.

Mitchell, G.F 1938. On a recent bog-flow in the County Wicklow.Scient. Proc. Roy. Dub. Soc. 22, 49-54.

Moles, R., N. Moles and J. J. Leahy (1999). “Radiocarbon dated episode of Bronze Age slope instability in the south-eastern Burren, county Clare.” Irish Geography 32(1): 52-57.

Ousley, R. 1788. An account of the moving bog and the formation of a lake, in the county of Galway, Ireland.Trans. R. Ir. Acad., B2, 3-6.

Preager, R.L. 1897. Bog-bursts, with special reference to the recent disaster in Co. Kerry. Ir. Naturalist, 6, 141-162.

Preager, R.L. 1897. A bog-burst seven years later. Ir. Naturalist, 6, 201-203.

Preager, R.L. 1906. The Ballycumber bog-slide. Ir. Naturalist, 15, 177-178.

Preager, R.L., Sollas, W. J., Dixon, A.F.and Delap, A. 1897. Report of the committee appointed by the Royal Dublin Society to investigate the recent bog-flow in Kerry. Sci. Proc. Roy. Dubl. Soc., 8, part 5, 475-508.

Prior, D. B., Stephens, N., and Douglas, G. R. 1971. ‘Some examples of mudflow and rockfall activity in north-east Ireland‘, in Slopes Forms and Process, Institute of British Geographers Special Publication No. 3, 129-140.

Prior, D.B. 1975. A mudslide on the Antrim coast, 24th November 1974. Ir. Geog. 8, 55-62.

Prior, D.B. and Graham, J. 1974. Landslides in the Magho district of Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. Eng. Geol., 341-359.

Prior, D.B. and Stephens, N. 1971. A method of monitoring mudflows Eng. Geol., 5, 239-246.

Prior, D.B. and Stephens, N. 1972. Some movement patterns of temperate mudflows. Examples from Northeast Ireland. Bull. Geol. Soc. Am. 83, 2533-3544.

Prior, D. B., N. Stephens and D. R. Archer (1968). “Composite mudflows on the Antrim coast of north east Ireland.” Geografiska Annaler 50: 65-78.

SmithB. and Ferris, C-L. 1997. Giant’s Causeway: management of erosion hazard. Geog. Review, 11, 30-378.

Statham, I. (1975). “Slope instabilities and recent slope development in Glencullen, Co. Wicklow.” Irish Geography 8: 42-54.

Tomlinson, R.W. 1979. Water levels in peatlands and some implications for runoff and erosional processes. In Pitty A, Ed. Geographical approaches to  fluvial processes. Geo Books, Norwich, 149-162.

Tomlinson, R.W. 1981. The erosion of peat in the uplands of Northern Ireland. Ir. Geog. 14, 51-64.

Tomlinson, R. W. (1981). “A preliminary note on the bog-burst at Carrowmaculla, Co. Fermanagh, November 1979.” Irish Naturalist Journal 20(8): 313-316.

Tomlinson, R. W. and T. Gardiner (1982). “Seven bog slides in the Slieve an Orra Hills, Co. Antrim.” Irish Journal of Earth Science 5: 1-9.

White, Young, Green. 2001. Level 2 feasibility report: Limerick Division Earthworks. February 2001. Contract CE641 Project 13 Cuttings and Embankments. Iarnod Eireann Infrastructure Department.

Wilson, P. (1990). “Clast size variations on talus: Some observations from northwest Ireland.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 15(2): 183-188.

Wilson, P. and Cunningham, A. 2003. Examples of recent rockfalls from basalt cliffs in Northern Ireland. Ir. Geog. 36, 170-177.

Wilson, P., Griffiths, D.and Carter, C. 1996. Characteristics, impacts and causes of the Carntopher bog-flow, Sperrin Mountains, Northern Ireland.Scot. Geog. Mag. 112, 1, 39-46

Wilson, P. and C. Hegarty (1993). “Morphology and causes of recent peat slides on Skerry Hill, Co. Antrim, Northern Ireland.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 18(7): 593-601.

QUATERNARY

The Quaternary History of Ireland, K. J. Edwards and W. P. Warren (eds), Academic press inc. (London) ltd and academic press inc., Orlando, Florida (U.S. edn). No. of pages: xxii + 382.

Evans DJA, O’Cofaigh C. 2003. Depositional evidence for marginal oscillations of the Irish Sea ice stream in southeast Ireland during the last glaciation. Boreas 32: 76–101.

McCabe AM (ed.). 1979. Field Guide to East Central Ireland. Quaternary Research Association: Dublin.

McCabe AM. 1985. Glacial geomorphology. In The Quaternary History of Ireland, Edwards KJ, Warren WP (eds). Academic Press: London; 67±93.

Walsh, P. T. 1966. ‘Cretaceous outliers in South West Ireland and their implications for Cretaceous palaeogeography’, Quart. J. geol. SOC.london, 122, 63-84.

Warren WP. 1985. Stratigraphy. In The Quaternary History of Ireland, Edwards KJ, Warren WP (eds). Academic Press: London.Wilson, P. 1989. ‘Nature, origin and age of Holocene aeolian sand on Muckish Mountain, Co. Donegal, Ireland‘, Boreas, 18, 159-168.

RIVERS

Environmental Protection Agency. 2006. Ireland Water Framework Directive Monitoring Programme. EPA: County Wexford, Ireland.

Jukes’s paper of 1862 on the rivers of southern Ireland.

Anderson, E., S. Harrison, D. G. Passmore, T. M. Mighall and S. Wathan (2004). “Late Quaternary river terrace development in the Macgillycuddy’s Reeks, southwest Ireland.” Quaternary Science Reviews 23(16–17): 1785-1801.

Coxon, P., C. E. Coxon and R. H. Thorn (1989). The Yellow River (Country Leitrim, Ireland) flash flood of June 1986. Floods: Hydrological, Sedimentological, and Geomorphological Implications. K. Beven and P. Carling, John Wiley & Sons Ltd.199-217.

Croke, J. (1994). “Floodplain change in the Glenmalure Valley, south-east Leinster,.” Irish Geography 27(2): 122-134.

Croke, J. C. (1994). “Buried bedrock topography and Quaternary valley fills of the Glenmalure Valley, south east Leinster.” Irish Journal of Earth Science 41: 15-23.

Gardiner, T. (1982). “Supply of nutrients in bulk precipitation to the upper Lagan catchment.” Irish Geography 15(1): 85-93.

Glanville, P., M. B. Thorp and C. Gallagher (1997). Bio-climatic change and the response of rivers in Irish upland regions during the Late Quaternary, with particular attention to the upper river Liffey catchment, Co.Wicklow. Global Change and the Irish Environment. J. Sweeney. Dublin, Royal Irish Academy133-141.

Hill, A. R. 1973. ‘Erosion of river banks composed of glacial till near Belfast, Northern Ireland’, Zeitschrift fur Geomorphologie, 17, 428-442.

Johnston, H. T., E. M. Elsawy and S. R. Cochrane (1980). “A study of the infiltration characteristics of undisturbed soil under simulated rainfall.” Earth Surface Processes 5(2): 159-174.

Malone, J., A. M. Maria and T. W. David (2007). Chapter 21 The Rivers of Southeast Ireland and the Sands of the Irish Sea: Heavy Minerals Show that Proximity does not Always Predetermine Provenance. Developments in Sedimentology, Elsevier. Volume 58: 547-568.

McGreal, W. S. and Gardiner, T. 1977. Short term measurements of erosion from a marine and a fluvial environment in County Down, Northern Ireland, Area, 9, 285-289.

Newson, M. D. (1978). “Drainage basin characteristics, their selection, derivation and analysis for a flood study of the British isles.” Earth Surface Processes 3(3): 277-293.

Thorp, M. and C. Gallagher (1999). “Dating alluvial sediments in the Wicklow Mountains.” Irish Geography 32(2): 112-125.

Thorp, M., C. Gallagher and P. Glanville (1997). Global Change and River Behavior. Global Change and the Irish Environment. J. Sweeney. Dublin, Royal Irish Academy108-121.

Thorp, M. and P. Glanville (2003). “Mid-Holocene sub-blanket-peat alluvia and sediment sources in the upper liffey valley, Co. Wicklow, Ireland.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 28: 1013-1024.

Tomlinson, R. W. (1981). “The erosion of peat in the uplands of Northern Ireland.” Irish Geography 14(1): 51-64.

Turner, J. N., M. G. Macklin, A. F. Jones and H. Lewis (2010). “New perspectives on Holocene flooding in Ireland using meta-analysis of fluvial radiocarbon dates.” Catena, 82(3): 183-190.

Westaway, R. and D. R. Bridgland (2010). “Causes, consequences and chronology of large-magnitude palaeoflows in Middle and Late Pleistocene river systems of northwest Europe.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 35(9): 1071-1094.

ROCK BREAKDOWN

High, C. and Hanna, F. K. 1970. ‘A method for the direct measurement of erosion of rock surfaces’, British Geomorphological Research group technical bulletin, 5, 24pp.

Knight, J. (2003). “A note on the formation of ventifacts at castlerock, Northern Ireland coast.” Irish Journal of Earth Sciences 21: 39-45.

McCabe, S., B. J. Smith and P. A. Warke (2007). “Sandstone response to salt weathering following simulated fire damage: a comparison of the effects of furnace heating and fire.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 32(12): 1874-1883.

McGreevy, J. P. (1982). “Hydrothermal alteration and earth surface rock weathering: A basalt example.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 7(2): 189-195.

McGreevy, J. P. (1985). “A preliminary scanning electron microscope study of honeycomb weathering of sandstone in a coastal environment.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 10(5): 509-518.

McGreevy, J. P. (1985). “Thermal properties as controls on rock surface temperature maxima, and possible implications for rock weathering.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 10(2): 125-136.

McKinley, J. M., J. M. Curran and A. V. Turkington (2001). “Gypsum formation in non-calcareous building sandstone: a case study of Scrabo sandstone.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 26(8): 869-875.

McIlroy de la Rosa, J. P., P. A. Warke and B. J. Smith (2012). “Microscale biopitting by the endolithic lichen Verrucaria baldensis and its proposed role in mesoscale solution basin development on limestone.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 37(4): 374-384.

Moses, C. A. and B. J. Smith (1993). “A note on the role of the lichen collema auriforma in solution basin development on a carboniferous limestone substrate.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 18(4): 363-368.

Trudgill, S. T., High, C. J. and Hanna, F. K. 1981. ‘Improvements to the micro-erosion meter’, British Geomorphological Research Group, technical bulletin, 29, 3-17.

SOILS

Cunningham, D. A., J. F. Collins and T. Cummins (2001). “Anthropogenically-triggered iron pan formation in some Irish soils over various time spans.” Catena 43: 167-176.

Mitchell, F. J. G. and P. Conboy (1993). “Early blanket peat bog development in the Wicklow Mountains.” Irish Naturalist Journal 24: 229.

Moles, N., R. Moles and G. O’Donovan (1995). “Evidence for the Presence of Quaternary Loess-Derived Soils in the Burren Karstic Area, Western Ireland.” Irish Geography 28(1): 48-63.

Rawlins, B. G., C. Scheib, D. Beamish, R. Webster, A. N. Tyler and M. E. Young (2011). “Landscape-scale controls on the spatial distribution of caesium 137: A study based on an airborne geophysical survey across Northern Ireland.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 36(2): 158-169.

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